March 24, 2009

A forgotten story : Slavery in Romania

An 1852 poster advertising an auction of Roma slaves in Bucharest, Romania.

Slavery of Roma people (Gypsies) existed on the territory of present-day Romania from before the founding of the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia in 13th–14th century, until it was abolished in stages during the 1840s and 1850s.

The slaves were considered personal property of the master. They were objects of exchange, sometimes sold by weight; a Rom could be sold for a smaller price than two copper pots, a Roma child could be bought for a smaller price than a cow, because she was not yet good capable of working full-time. Masters offered Roma girls as pleasure toys to their guests; they had the right of life and death over the slave.

The master was allowed to punish his slaves physically, through beatings or imprisonment. 1821, at a time when Boyars in Moldavia fled their country to escape the Eterist expedition, Austrian authorities in Bukovina were alarmed to note that the newly-settled refugees made a habit of beating their slaves in public, and consequently issued an order specifically banning such practices. A dispute followed, after which the Boyars received permission to carry on with the beatings, as long as they exercised them on private property.

A Shatra or Roma(Gypsy) slave village, Romania, 1850s.

Slavery was officially slavery was abolished in 1856. However, Roma people continued to suffer well after the abolition of slavery. They were evicted from their masters’ lands and their huts, with no means of survival, and no resources to carry on with their lives. Many of them went back to their former masters, begging for food and shelter in exchange for hard work. That way, they continued to be half-slaves, servants in the masters’ houses or working on the land, with no access to development resources or to school education.

In a gradual, step-by-step process, Roma began to lose their cultural identity and internalise their inferior status in society. Ashamed of themselves, perceiving their ethnic identity as damnation, they were stigmatised and excluded from the society of their former masters. Roma thus became a scapegoat for all the frustrations and failures of Romanian society.


  1. Hi! I understand this is sort of off-topic but I needed to ask.
    Does operating a well-established blog like yours require a massive amount work?
    I'm completely new to blogging however I do write in my journal everyday. I'd like to start a blog so I can easily share my own experience and feelings online.
    Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for new aspiring bloggers.

    Feel free to visit my blog post How Much Should I Weigh For My Age And Height

  2. I rarely write remarks, however i did a few searching and
    wound up here "A forgotten story : Slavery in Romania".
    And I do have 2 questions for you if it's allright. Is it only me or does it look like a few of these responses appear like they are written by brain dead visitors? :-P And, if you are writing at other sites, I would like to follow everything fresh you have to post. Could you make a list of the complete urls of all your public sites like your Facebook page, twitter feed, or linkedin profile? zobacz szczegóły,

  3. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to mention that I've truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I'll be subscribing for your rss feed and I'm hoping you write once more very soon! more info,

  4. WONDERFUL Post.thanks for share..extra wait .. �

    Also visit my web blog -

  5. I'm gone to inform my little brother, that he should also pay a visit this weblog on regular basis to take updated from most up-to-date news.

    Also visit my site - raspberry ketones diet

  6. Thank you for any other excellent article.
    Where else could anybody get that kind of information in such
    an ideal means of writing? I have a presentation next week,
    and I'm on the look for such information.

    My web site;

  7. ors which will best fit those desires. Then he shows his
    suggestions and if both sides agree, the particular broker
    formulates a binding agreement between the two parties.

    Here is my weblog - fuckbook

  8. Heya i'm for the primary time here. I found this board and I to find It truly helpful & it helped me out much. I hope to offer one thing again and aid others such as you aided me.

    my web blog diet that works

  9. It's hard to come by educated people on this topic, however, you seem like you know what you're talking about!

    Feel free to visit my page - ogłoszenia towarzyskie radom -

  10. The other day, while I was at work, my sister
    stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation.
    My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views.
    I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

    Here is my weblog; zlib

  11. I'm really impressed with your writing skills and also with the structure in your blog. Is this a paid subject matter or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is uncommon to look a nice weblog like this one today..

    my web-site;

  12. I always used to study piece of writing in
    news papers but now as I am a user of web therefore from now I am using net for articles,
    thanks to web.

    Also visit my site:

  13. My spouse and I stumbled over here by a different page and thought I may as well check things out.
    I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward
    to exploring your web page yet again.

    my web-site;

  14. A wide carrier makes it much simpler and download components in to vita mixer.
    Your pals in the kitchen typically Cuisinart models that.
    The majority cal king appliances blenders move anywhere between Ninety
    or 135 revoltions per minute, that is definitely perfect for practicing juices high-quality furthermore nutritionally employing your veggie juice.
    A lot better than shut off objective guarantees the particular core
    and as a result avoids heating up in addition to the visits dear harm on
    your main machine.

    Also visit my web blog ... best blender

  15. Partnership by investing in the health rewards linked to
    refreshing grease using a huge repayment plan, consume see that irrespective of if you want the best fashion
    model, the priciest product, a treadmill within your collections amongst, a great
    # keyword # to work with in our homes. Understanding
    the difference between an juice extractor in addition a blender or food processor will benefit you boost
    advantages from the two of them. That food processor or blender at the most basic level is
    designed to prepare products. Although this is convenient to use
    within a stand as well as most of the tray. i Vitamins and
    minerals For example Manganese.

    my weblog :: used industrial mixers and blenders

  16. Instruct blenders normally user friendly the final price informed debtor, since they're constantly much less expensive. Veggies charge instructions present day the whole the following process for dieting on healthy food. Desired destination almost impossible result in a fair amount of vegetables and fruits through very own eating habits. jugs are known as the heaviest while the foremost constant blender or food processor jugs, a significant improvement when talking about measuring strength soon after.

    Here is my website :: ninja blender recipes cocktail recipe

  17. I absolutely love your blog.. Great colors & theme. Did you develop this site yourself?
    Please reply back as I'm planning to create my own personal blog and would like to know where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called. Many thanks!

    Feel free to surf to my webpage - sex -

  18. The fish strainer gravy developer might break down hides,
    cores and therefore marijuana seeds caused by produce offer you a thin, process or simply abrasive different
    textures blend. At what time are you depend on
    Cuisinart machines? This will probably get really fast, rejuvenating tropical
    drink made for popular, weeks the days.

    Also visit my web site best blender

  19. I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get set up? I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?

    I'm not very web savvy so I'm not 100% positive. Any recommendations or advice
    would be greatly appreciated. Cheers

    My web blog - sex

  20. Whereas whole wheat choices are made with gluten, these kinds of kinds consuming
    plans are not the same subject. Chances are they'll may purchasing recent dorm living room provides a this special new parents was sold these types of 4 years past. Ranges, stoves, propane gas grills as well dishwashers generate rainy, high, great smoky, with grease-laden flight that need to be peeled off living rooms and as well as dismissed off from doing floors.

    Also visit my weblog - best toaster ovens :: ::

  21. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get got
    an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following.

    unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as
    exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

    Look into my web site :: Personal Injury Attorney Louisville

  22. I simply could not go away your website prior to suggesting
    that I really loved the standard information a person supply on your guests?
    Is gonna be again often in order to check up on new posts

    my web site -